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Paris Peace Conference (1919)

Paris, France
1919-01-01 to 1919-12-31
Woodrow Wilson, United States: Participant, David Lloyd George, Britain: Participant, Georges Clemenceau, France: Participant, Vittorio Orlando, Italy: Participant
An international conference held in Paris during 1919, following the conclusion of World War I. During the conference, the victorious Allied Powers, chiefly the United States, Britain, France, Italy and Japan, sought to reach an understanding with regard to the political outcomes of the war, especially the status of territories previously controlled by the defeated Central Powers. Zionist representatives to the conference presented their territorial claims, extending over Palestine and areas of the surrounding countries (Transjordan, Syria, Lebanon and Egypt). In 1919-1920, treaties were signed between the Allies and each of the Central Powers, putting into effect the decisions made at Paris: the Treaty of Versailles with Germany, Treaty of Saint-Germain with Austria, Treaty of Neuilly with Bulgaria, Treaty of Trianon with Hungary and Treaty of Sèvres with Turkey. The latter was never ratified, and following the Turkish War of Independence, replaced with the 1923 Treaty of Lausanne. With regard to the former southern territories of the Ottoman Empire, the conference was followed by the San Remo Conference of 1920, establishing British and French mandatory control over Lebanon, Syria, Iraq, Transjordan and Palestine.