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Arab Revolt in Palestine (1936-9)

An uprising conducted by Palestinian Arabs against the British Mandatory Government and the Jewish population of Palestine from 1936 to 1939. Arab actions included guerrilla warfare, attacks on civilians, arson, strikes, demonstrations and other forms of civil disobedience. At first directed by the Arab Higher Committee, the events soon became disorganized, and the uprising was heavily suppressed by the Mandatory security forces with Jewish support. British political response to the revolt included two commissions (Peel and Woodhead), the St. James Conference of Zionist and Arab representatives, and finally the 1939 MacDonald White Paper. The revolt caused the deaths of several hundred Jews and British and several thousand Arabs.