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San Remo Conference (1920)

A meeting of four major World War I Allied Powers - Britain, France, Italy and Japan - that followed the 1919 Paris Peace Conference. Among the issues discussed was the political status of territories occupied from the Ottoman Empire during the war. The conference resolved to provisionally recognize the independence of Syria and Mesopotamia, while placing them, along side Palestine (including Transjordan), under Mandatory control. The Mandatories were to be selected by said Powers with the approval of the League of Nations. The resolution specifically noted that the Mandate for Palestine will be responsible for carrying out the Balfour Declaration, working for the establishment of the Jewish national home without prejudice to the rights of existing non-Jewish communities.