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Lausanne Conciliation Conference (1949)

A conference held in two rounds, on 27 April-23 June 1949, and on 18 July-12 September 1949, with the goal of reaching a settlement in the Arab-Israeli conflict in light of the 1948 War. The conference was proposed by the three-member Conciliation Commission for Palestine, established in accordance with UN General Assembly Resolution 194. It included representatives from Israel, Egypt, Transjordan, Lebanon, Syria, and the Arab Higher Committee representing the Palestinian Arabs. Members of the Commission negotiated separately with the Arab and Israeli representatives. Negotiations began with the signing of the Lausanne Protocol, stating that the basis for discussion will be UN General Assembly Resolutions 181 (adoption of the Partition Plan) and 194 (calling on Israel to allow the return of Palestinian refugees). The main issues discussed were refugees, Jerusalem and a territorial settlement. Following a series of proposals and counter-proposals by both sides and the Commission, including an Israeli proposal to annex the Gaza Strip, the conference ended without an agreement.