Declaration of Principles (Oslo I, 1993)
An agreement between Israel and the PLO, signed in Washington, DC, on 13 September 1993, following an exchange of letters on mutual recognition. It was the first agreement signed in the framework of the Oslo Process. The agreement outlined general principles for Israeli-Palestinian negotiations, and came about following a prolonged period of negotiations in Norway. It was signed by Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat, and witnessed by US President Bill Clinton. It called for a transitional period of five years following an Israeli withdrawal from the Gaza Strip and Jericho areas, during which an interim, democratically-elected Palestinian self-government will be established in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. During the transitional period, negotiations would be held with the goal of reaching a permanent settlement based on United Nations Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338. The agreement was followed by the 1994 Cairo Agreement, facilitating Israeli withdrawal from Gaza and Jericho and creation of the Palestinian Authority, and the 1995 Interim Agreement, transferring partial control over the West Bank and Gaza Strip to the Palestinian Authority.