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The Holy Land Confederation as a Facilitator for the Two-State Solution (2022)

Yossi Beilin, Israel: Author, Hiba Husseini, Palestine: Author
An unofficial draft proposal for a permanent status agreement to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, prepared from 2020 to 2022 by a joint Israeli-Palestinian team headed by Palestinian attorney and veteran peace negotiator Hiba Husseini and former Israeli Justice Minister Yossi Beilin. The proposal builds on the 1993 Oslo Accords and the 2003 Geneva Initiative. Entitled the “Holy Land Confederation,” it is not a substitute to the two-state solution but rather a way to facilitate it. Rather than aiming for hermetic separation between two independent states, Israel and Palestine, the proposal envisages a confederative framework of cooperation and cohabitation including joint authorities and a range of joint mechanisms. Under the proposal, the parties would begin negotiating for one year, both hammering out the parameters of a sovereign Palestinian state and determining the structure of a “Holy Land Confederation” - a cooperative, European-style confederation that would be formed between the two independent states of Israel and Palestine. The proposal allows for greater cooperation between the two states, facilitates movement between them, and makes Jerusalem - the capital of both states - a partially open city. It also foresees allowing Jewish settlers living in the West Bank to choose between relocating or becoming permanent residents of the State of Palestine. An equal number of Palestinian citizens would then be allowed to reside inside Israel as permanent residents.